Meet the largest land mammals!

Elephants are known to be the largest land mammals and live in large groups, which are led by the most experienced female in the group. Females are usually able to give birth at the age of 10 years to a single calf after a 22 month pregnancy period. They need roughly 200kg of food daily, including grass, bamboo, nuts, and fruit. They drink about 150 litres of water per day.

Elephant (Loxodonta)

Elephants have a very strong sense of smell. Sadly, Sumatra's deforestation rate is among the highest in Southeast Asia and has taken away the primary food source for the Sumatran elephants. Thus, started the conflict between wild elephants and humans in Sumatra.

DISTRIBUTION Asia
HABITAT Broadleaf moist tropical forests
HEIGHT 5 to 9 feet at the shoulder
WEIGHT Approximately 5 tons
LIFESPAN Up to 70 years
THREATS Deforestation, poaching, and human conflict

Sumatran elephants are social animals! They are not only clever, they are also the most empathetic creatures of the world. The female Sumatran Elephant is known to sacrifice her own life for protecting her offspring when necessary.

Sumatran elephants are strictly herbivorous and consume approximately 150 kg of plant matter a day. Their diet typically involves 112 different species of plants. An adult Sumatran elephant drinks 80 to 200 liters of water daily.

Taman Safari Indonesia, supported by the Government, has made efforts to overcome the human-elephant conflict and established the first Elephant Education and Conservation Center in Way Kambas, the second Elephant Education and Conservation Center in Riau and the third one in Aceh.

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Did You Know ?

A healthy adult elephant can drink up to 60 gallons of water each day – which is the same as about 275 big bottles of coke.