Published November 16, 2021 | Activities, Environment, Family, Love, Mythology, Travel Tips

Galungan and Kuningan are Balinese holy days which are celebrated twice a year by Hindus. – Calculate according to the 210-day Balinese Pawukon calendar. let’s understand more about the days.

Meaning of Galungan and Kuningan Day

What is Galungan Day?

Galungan and Kuningan Day held in one of the temple in Bali Safari Park
Hindu staff of Taman Safari Bali praying during Galungan Day

Galungan is held in Buda Kliwon Wuku Dungulan, following with Kuningan on the next 10 days.  The day is a sacred day celebrating the victory of dharma (goodness) over adharma (badness). It marks the time when the ancestral spirits visit the Earth.

There are several series of ceremonies carried out until Galungan day. Held 3 days before, ‘Penyekeban’ is the first day where people cook bananas for an offering. Followed by ‘Penyajaan’ on the next day by making jaja (fried rice cakes).

In one day before Galungan, there’s a ceremony called ‘Penampahan’ which means slaughtering of pigs or chicken for feasts. On this day people will make ‘penjor’ as an expression of gratitude to God Almighty for all the blessings. Made of curved bamboo stick, penjor usually filled with some decorations.

Penjor is symbolic: its arching top represents Mount Agung, its long trunk represents a river that flows down to the oceans, and a ‘sanggah’ or shrine is at its base where offerings are placed.

Creating Penjor in Galungan and Kuningan Day
Penjor crafting

Held since the morning, Galungan day start from praying in the respective homes to the temples around the neighborhood. There’s also a “Homecoming” Tradition, where family who live in other regions will take time to pray to their respective hometown. The day after called Umanis Galungan, when people usually visit their relatives to mingle and such.

What is Kuningan Day?

Kuningan marks the end of the Galungan Days, taking place ten days after and is when all ancestors return to their realm. On Kuningan Day, Hindus will make yellow rice as a symbol of prosperity, gratitude and suksmaning idep as a human.

More fact about Kuningan is that the prayer must be finish before 12p.m (tengai tepet). The ceremonial symbol of Kuningan consist various kinds of jejahitan which have meaning as war instruments such as tamiang kolem, ter, ending, wayang-puppets and such.


Here in Taman Safari Bali, we also celebrate the day in order to maintain local culture and thanksgiving ceremony. We hope to maintain balance of nature and help to preserve all things that live in it.