Although all biomes are important, the forest that occupies as the world’s most important ecosystem is still Amazon. However, a disastrously large part of it is now in danger of disappearing forever.
Why Amazon Rainforest is Important?
There is some aspects of why the Amazon Rainforest is important ecosystem according to Rainforest Foundation Norway. First, the enormous Amazon river – with all its tributaries – contains 20 percent of the world’s flowing fresh water. The forest produces more than 50 percent of all the rain that falls in the Amazon region. It probably also affects rainfall patterns far outside the regions.
Second, although the Amazon covers only four percent of the earth’s surface, it contains a third of all known species. It is including terrestrial plant, animal, and insect species.
Third, the Amazon rainforest contains 10 percent of all biomass on Earth. It means when deforestation occurs, the amounts of carbon that forest stores are release into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. It can causing greenhouse gas that contributes significantly to global warming.
What Animals Live in The Amazon Rainforest?
The Amazon Rainforest is located in 9 different countries but the majority of it (around 60%) is located in Brazil. The rest of it can be found in Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana (which is technically an overseas territory). The Amazon Jungle, also known in English as Amazonia, is a moist broadleaf tropical rainforest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 km2 (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 km2 (2,100,000 sq mi) are covered by the rainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations.
The Amazon Rainforest is home to 427 mammal species, 1,300 bird species, 378 species of reptiles, and more than 400 species of amphibians. Some of the animals that live in the Amazon Rainforest include jaguars, sloths, river dolphins, macaws, anacondas, glass frogs, and poison dart frogs.